Bed bugs are insects that, as adults, have ovval-shaped bodies with no wings.  Prior to feeding, they are about 1/4 inch long and flat as paper.  After feeding, they turn dark red and become boated.  Eggs are whitish, pear-shaped and about the size of a pinhead.  Clusters of 10-50 eggs can be found in cracks and crevices.  Bed bugs have a one-year life span during which time a female can lay 200-400 eggs depending on food supply and temperature.  Eggs hatch in about 10 days.

Bed bugs prefer to feed on human blood, but will also bite mammals and birds.  Bed bugs bite at night, and will bite all over a human body, especially around the face, neck, upper torso, arms and hands.  Bed bugs can survive up to six months without feeding.

Bed bugs are often carried into a home on objects such as furniture and clothing.  If you think you have a bed bug problem, check for live bed bugs or shells in the following areas:
-Seams, creases, tufts and folds of mattresses and box springs
-Cracks in the bed frame and head board
-Under chairs, couches, beds, dust covers
-Between the cushions of couches and chairs
-Under area rugs and the edges of carpets
-Between the folds of curtains
-In drawers
-Behind baseboards, and around window and door casings
-Behind electrical plates and under loose wallpaper, paintings and posters
-In cracks in plaster
-In telelphones, radios, and clocks

Bed bugs can also travel from apartment to apartment along pipes, electrival wiring and other openings.  If the infestation is heavy, a sweet smell may be noticed in the room.